Executive functioning skills are the higher order parts of the brain. Executive functioning is necessary from beginning planning states of a “job” to the completion of the task. For children with executive functioning difficulties, task that require planning, organizing, memory, time management, and flexible thinking become a challenge. Other components of executive functioning include the ability to initiate an activity, attend, multitask, problem solve and use previous knowledge to work through a task, analyze, control impulses and make safe judgements, understand when a task is complete, and self-monitor work to make adjustments as needed and/or know when to ask for help.
Occupational therapy can assist with developing strategies such as check-lists, use of planners, mental tools for self-monitoring, or introduction of “cognitive thinking” strategies to help with planning and organization of mental ideas before starting a task.